Spanking, slapping, smacking, pinching, hair-pulling, whipping, paddling – corporal punishment by any name or means is prohibited in Sweden, both at home and in school. Slowly, though, more and more parents voluntarily refrained from its use and corporal punishment was prohibited throughout the educational system in 1958. Until the 1960s, nine out of ten preschool children in Sweden were spanked at home.
We have identified a new risk group for overweight development: young adult female computer gamers.
For the men, only cross-sectional associations could be seen.
Spending more than 2 h daily for emailing and chatting was related cross-sectionally to overweight in the women.
Results: Both high and medium computer use compared to low computer use at baseline were associated with sleep disturbances in the men at follow-up.
High email/chat use was negatively associated with perceived stress, but positively associated with reported sleep disturbances for the men.